PERSONALITY PROFILES IN SELF INJURIOUS BEHAVIOR - A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY

Abstract


Background:
The suicide and suicidal attempt is a worldwide health problem. The majority of the suicide attempts occur in the low and middle economic countries, like India. Most of the suicides occur in individuals with personality problems as well as with substance uses.
Aim :
To determine the significance of the personality disorders in relation to suicidal behavior.
Materials and methods:
Total number of samples 115.The age group was 15 and above. Finally 110 consecutive samples were selected for this study. They were administered a semi-structured socio-demographic proforma, Eysenck personality questionnaire , Beck’s suicide intent scale, ICD 10 for psychiatric diagnosis.
Results:
In this study based on Eysenck personality questionnaire the most common personality type was Ambivert but hanging was frequently attempted in Neurotic type individuals. Introvert type was common in nonalcoholic suicide attempters whereas Extrovert type was common in suicide attempt with history of alcohol use. In this sample, the comorbid psychiatric conditions were 52%, commonly encountered illness was borderline personality disorder (28%).
Conclusion:
All suicide attempts should be assessed entirely to rule out the underlying psychiatric illness. Borderline personality disorder is more common in suicide attempts. Active intervention and regular follow ups are needed to prevent the further attempt.

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